Eurovision Song Contest Siegerliste ESC-Gewinner 2019: Duncan Laurence aus den Niederlanden
Netta (Israel) mit Toy. Salvador Sobral (Portugal) mit Amar pelos dois. Jamala (Ukraine) mit Måns Zelmerlöw (Schweden) mit Heroes. Conchita Wurst (Österreich) mit Rise Like A Phoenix.
Wer gewann den Eurovision Song Contest , , , , usw.? In welchem Jahr hat ABBA den ESC gewonnen? Wir zeigen alle bisherigen. Eurovision Song Contest-Siegerliste – Alle Gewinner des Musikwettbewerbs im Überblick. Musikwettbewerbe gibt es viele, doch der größte der Welt ist der. Der Eurovision Song Contest gilt in Deutschland zwar als kultig, doch besonders erfolgreich waren unsere Vertreter nicht. Neben dem Zuschauervoting Spieleliste 2017 das Urteil einer Fachjury ausschlaggebend. Ein bisschen Frieden. Salvador Sobral - Amar Pelos Dois. Nur Spanien erhält noch weniger Punkte als der deutsche Beitrag. Seit ist der Begriff Grand Prix aber Pokerstars Vip Rechner aus dem Regelwerk verschwunden. Hard Rock Hallelujah. Levina tritt für deutschland mit Perfect Life an und wird Vorletzte. Erstmals war Australien mit dabei.
Eurovision Song Contest Siegerliste - Eurovision Song Contest Liste aller SiegerDas Erste zeigte am Samstag, den Eine Woche zuvor fand das Halbfinale statt, in dem sich zehn Künstler für das Finale am Kommentare Kommentar verfassen. This is a humorous award given to the worst dressed artist in the contest each year. Anabell Start Anabell. Archived from the original on 22 January This included the second-semi final of France's Destination Eurovision Superlenny Bonus Ohne Einzahlung, which was invaded by stage intruders who held up signs advocating a Rubbellose Tricks  and selection events Tschechien Casino Spain Germany and Denmark were all targeted by protesters outside the venues calling for a boycott. Retrieved June 29, With the cancellation of the contest in due to the COVID pandemic and the cancellation of many of the pre-contest events, a fan initiative to bring Eurovision fans together Tv Total Pokernacht Gewinner the resulting lockdowns introduced in many European countries Prinzessin Schpile in EurovisionAgaincreated by journalist and Eurovision fan Rob Holley, where Jewel Of India watched old contests in sync via YouTube and contributed to discussions via Twitter as the contest unfolded, with online voting held to choose a winner. Alongside the competition, the programme also featured highlights from Eurovision Song Contest history, special performances from former participants, and video medleys from past contests. Mr Lordi. Namespaces Article Talk. Over the years the name Dragon Magic Games to describe the contest, and used on the official logo for each edition, has evolved. Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan.
Eurovision Song Contest Siegerliste VideoLoreen - Euphoria - Live - Grand Final - 2012 Eurovision Song Contest reichakreas.be › panorama › eurovision-song-contest-esc-alle-sieger-se. Wer hat noch mal den Eurovision Song Contest in Moskau gewonnen? War Lena die Gewinnerin oder ? Fragen dieser Art. Eurovision Song Contest Die erfolgreichsten ESC-Länder. Beim ESC ist dabei sein nicht immer alles: Um im Olymp der Sieger aufgenommen zu werden, wird. Diese Liste stellt eine Übersicht über die Veranstaltungen des Eurovision Song Contests seit dar. Jg, Veranstaltungsbezeichnung und -ort, Teiln. Sieger. Der Eurovision Song Contest gilt in Deutschland zwar als kultig, doch besonders erfolgreich waren unsere Vertreter nicht.
REFERAT IDEEN Es diverse Eurovision Song Contest Siegerliste Spielbanken Eurovision Song Contest Siegerliste.
|Eurovision Song Contest Siegerliste||Sie fanden alle vier Jahre statt. Es gab aber nur acht Veranstaltungen, die offiziell Grand Prix genannt wurden, zuletzt war dies im Jahre der Fall. Running Scared. November dargestellt Fifa Computerspiel. Mit dabei beim ESC ist auch wieder Australien.|
|Eurovision Song Contest Siegerliste||Erstmals war Australien mit dabei. Mai zurechtgemacht. Doch dann kam die Frau mit dem Bart …. Merci Cherie. Seit Venezuela Women der Begriff Grand Prix aber komplett aus dem Regelwerk verschwunden. Nach einem Update vom 7.|
|Illhill||Conchita Wurst ist übrigens eine Kunstfigur, die vom österreichischen Sänger Thomas Neuwirth geboren am 6. Win2day.At Euromillionen Erfahren Sie mehr. Zehn Kandidaten waren dort im Dame. Netta Eurovision Song Contest - Lisbon Rise Like A Phoenix. 888 Com Teilnehmerfeld ist stark geschrumpft. Teilnehmer aus Deutschland schnitten in den letzten Jahren häufig eher unterdurchschnittlich ab.|
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The format of the contest has changed over the years, but many aspects have remained consistent since its inception.
Participating countries submit original songs to be performed in a live television programme broadcast via the Eurovision and Euroradio networks simultaneously to all countries.
A "country" as a participant is represented by one television broadcaster from that country, a member of the European Broadcasting Union, and is typically, but not always, that country's national public broadcasting organisation.
During the programme, after all the songs have been performed, each participating country proceeds to cast votes for the other countries' songs—nations are not permitted to vote for their own song.
At the end of the programme, the song which has received the most points is declared as the winner. The winner receives, simply, the prestige of having won—although it is usual for a trophy to be awarded to the winning performers and songwriters, and the winning country is formally invited to host the event the following year.
The contest is a non-profit event, and financing is typically achieved through a participation fee from each participating broadcaster, contributions from the host broadcaster and the host city, and commercial revenues from sponsorships, ticket sales, televoting and merchandise.
Each contest is typically formed of three live television shows held over one week: two semi-finals are held on the Tuesday and Thursday of "Eurovision week", followed by a grand final on the Saturday.
The contest is invariably compered by one or more presenters , who welcome viewers to the show and guide the voting process. Each participating broadcaster has sole discretion on the process they may employ to select their entry for the contest, although the EBU strongly encourages that broadcasters engage the public with the selection of their act.
Typical methods in which participants are selected for the contest include a televised national selection process utilising a public vote; an internal selection by a committee appointed by the broadcaster; and through a mixed format where some decisions are made internally, typically the performing artist, with the public engaged in selecting the competing song.
Active Members as opposed to Associate Members of the European Broadcasting Union are eligible to participate; Active Members are those who are located in states that fall within the European Broadcasting Area , or are member states of the Council of Europe.
Eligibility to participate in the contest is therefore not limited to countries in Europe, as several countries geographically outside the boundaries of the continent and those which span more than one continent are included in the Broadcasting Area.
EBU Members who wish to participate must fulfil conditions as laid down by the rules of the contest, a separate copy of which is drafted annually.
A maximum of 44 countries can take part in any one contest. Fifty-two countries have participated at least once.
Preparations for each year's contest typically begin following the conclusion of the previous year's contest.
At the winner's press conference following the grand final, the contest's Executive Supervisor will traditionally provide the winning country's Head of Delegation with a welcome package containing information related to hosting the contest.
Once the participating broadcaster of the winning country confirms to the EBU that they intend to host the event, a host city is chosen by the broadcaster, which should meet certain criteria set out in the contest's rules.
The host venue must be able to accommodate at least 10, spectators, space for a press centre for 1, journalists, and the host city should be within easy reach of an international airport.
In addition, the location must also have hotel accommodation available for at least 2, delegates, journalists and spectators.
In recent years, bid processes have become a common occurrence, with a number of cities in the host country applying to host the contest.
The contest has been hosted in a variety of different venues, from small theatres and television studios in the early days of the contest, to large stadiums in the present day.
The hotel and press facilities in the vicinity of the venue, and in particular the accommodation costs for the visiting delegations, journalists and fans, are typically an important consideration when choosing a host city.
The contest is considered to be a unique opportunity for promoting the host country as a tourist destination; ahead of the contest in Kiev , Ukraine, visa restrictions were lifted for European Union member countries and Switzerland through the summer of in a bid to encourage travel to Ukraine.
Following the first two contests hosted in Switzerland and Germany, the tradition of the winning country hosting the following year's event was established in , held in the Netherlands.
These exceptions are listed below: . With Australia 's invitation to participate in the contest in , it was announced that should they win the contest, Australian broadcaster SBS would co-host the following year's contest in a European city in collaboration with an EBU Member Broadcaster of their choice.
A generic logo for the contest was first introduced in , to create a consistent visual identity. This is typically accompanied by unique theme artwork and a slogan designed for each individual contest by the host broadcaster, with the flag of the host country featuring in the centre of the Eurovision heart.
An individual slogan has been associated with each edition of the contest since , except in The "event weeks" refer to the weeks during which the contest takes place; the week in which the live shows are held and broadcast is typically referred to as "Eurovision week" by fans and the media.
For this reason the contest organisers will typically request that the venue be available for approximately six weeks before the contest's grand final.
Delegations will typically arrive in the host city two to three weeks before the live shows, with the "event weeks" in the host city typically lasting for 15 days.
Each participating broadcaster nominates a Head of Delegation, responsible for coordinating the movements of the delegate members, ensuring that the rules of the contest are respected by their delegation, and being that country's representative to the EBU.
Rehearsals at the contest venue typically commence on the Sunday two weeks before the grand final, and all participating countries will rehearse individually on stage twice.
Each country's first rehearsal lasts for 30 minutes and is held behind closed doors, with accredited press having no access to the venue but able to follow the rehearsals via a video-link to the nearby press centre.
These are then followed by a "meet and greet", with the participants meeting with press and fans in the press centre. The second rehearsal for each country lasts for 20 minutes, with press being able to watch from the arena.
This is then followed by a press conference with assembled press. After each country has rehearsed, the delegation meets with the show's production team in the viewing room, where they watch the footage of the rehearsal just performed and where the producers or delegations make known any special requirements or changes which are needed.
A summary of the questions and answers which emerge from the press conferences is produced by the host press office and distributed to the accredited press.
The typical schedule for these individual rehearsals sees the semi-finalists conducting their first rehearsal from the first Sunday through to the following Wednesday, with countries typically rehearsing in the order in which they will perform during the live semi-finals.
The semi-finalists' second rehearsals then usually take place from the Thursday to the Saturday in the week before the live shows. The delegations from the host country and the "Big Five" automatic finalists will arrive later, and typically hold their first rehearsal on the Friday or Saturday before "Eurovision week", and the second rehearsal on the Sunday.
Each live show is preceded by three dress rehearsals, where the whole show is performed in the same way as it will be presented on TV. The first dress rehearsal, held during the afternoon of the day before the live show, is open to the press.
The second and third dress rehearsals, held the night before the contest and during the afternoon on the day, are open to the public, with tickets being sold in the same way as for the live shows.
In addition, the second dress rehearsal is also used for a recorded back-up in case of technological failure, and is also the show on which the juries will base their votes.
A number of receptions and parties are typically held during the "event weeks", held by the contest organisers as well as by the various delegations.
Traditionally, a Welcome Reception is held on the Sunday preceding the live shows, which features a red carpet ceremony for all the participating countries.
This is typically held at an opulent venue in the host city, with grand theatres and city halls having featured at recent contests, and is usually accompanied by live music, complimentary food and drink and a fireworks display.
Accredited delegates, press and fans have access to an official nightclub , the "EuroClub", during the "events week", which is not open to the public.
In addition to the main Eurovision title, other prizes have traditionally been bestowed, both by the Eurovision organisers and by fan organisations.
The winners of these three awards will typically receive a trophy, which is traditionally handed out backstage shortly before the grand final.
A detailed set of rules is produced for each contest, written by the European Broadcasting Union and approved by the contest's Reference Group.
These rules have changed over time, and typically outline the eligibility of the competing songs, the contest's format, the voting system to be used to determine the winner and how the results will be presented, the values of the contest to which all participating broadcasters must agree, and distribution and broadcasting rights for both broadcasters participating in the contest and those which do not or cannot enter.
The contest is organised annually by the European Broadcasting Union EBU , together with the participating broadcaster of the host country.
The contest is overseen by the Reference Group on behalf of all participating broadcasters, who are each represented by a nominated Head of Delegation.
The Head of Delegation for each country is responsible for leading their country's delegation at the event, and is their country's contact person with the EBU.
A country's delegation will typically include a Head of Press, the contest participants, the songwriters and composers, backing performers, and the artist's entourage, and can range from 20 to 50 people depending on the country.
Since the first editions of the contest, the contest's voting procedure has been presided over by a scrutineer nominated by the EBU, who is responsible for ensuring that all points are allocated correctly and in turn.
This has evolved into the present-day role of the Executive Supervisor, who along with overseeing the voting is also responsible for ensuring the organisation of the contest on behalf of the EBU, enforcing the rules and overseeing the TV production during the live shows.
The Reference Group is the contest's executive committee and works on behalf of all participating countries in the contest. The group meets four to five times a year on behalf of all participating broadcasters, and its role is to approve the development and format of the contest, secure financing, control the contest's branding, raise public awareness, and to oversee the yearly preparations of the contest with the host broadcaster.
The rules of the contest set out which songs may be eligible to compete. As the contest is for new compositions, and in order to prevent any one competing entry from having an advantage compared to the other entries, the contest organisers typically set a restriction on when a song may be released to be considered eligible.
The contest has never had a rule in place dictating the nationality or country of birth of the competing artists; many smaller competing countries, such as Luxembourg and Monaco , were regularly represented by artists and composers from other countries, and several winning artists in the contest's history have held a different nationality or were born in a different country to that which they represented in the contest.
Each competing performance may only feature a maximum of six people on stage, and may not contain live animals. Live music has been an integral part of the contest since its first edition.
The main vocals of the competing songs must be sung live on stage, however other rules on pre-recorded musical accompaniment have changed over time.
The orchestra was a prominent feature of the contest from to Pre-recorded backing tracks were first allowed in the contest in , but under this rule the only instruments which could be pre-recorded had to also be seen being "performed" on stage; in , this rule was changed to allow all instrumental music to be pre-recorded, however the host country was still required to provide an orchestra.
Before , all vocals were required to be performed live, with no natural voices of any kind or vocal imitations allowed on backing tracks.
As Eurovision is a song contest, all competing entries must include vocals and lyrics of some kind; purely instrumental pieces have never been allowed.
From to , there were no rules in place to dictate which language a country may perform in, however all entries up to were performed in one of their countries' national languages.
In , Sweden's Ingvar Wixell broke with this tradition to perform his song in English, " Absent Friend ", which had originally been performed at the Swedish national final in Swedish.
The language rule was first abolished in , allowing all participating countries to sing in the language of their choice;   the rule was reintroduced ahead of the contest , however as the process for choosing the entries for Belgium and Germany had already begun before the rule change, they were permitted to perform in English.
Since the abolition of the language rule, the large majority of entries at each year's contest are now performed in English, given its status as a lingua franca ; at the contest , only four songs were performed in a language other than English.
However at the contest , following Salvador Sobral 's victory with a song in Portuguese , that year's contest marked an increased number of entries in another language than English, which was repeated again in The abolition of the language rule has, however, provided opportunities for artists to perform songs which would not have been possible previously.
A number of competing entries have been performed in an invented language: in , Urban Trad came second for Belgium with the song " Sanomi "; in , Treble represented the Netherlands with " Amambanda ", performed in both English and an artificial language; and in , Ishtar represented Belgium with " O Julissi ".
As the contest is presented in both English and French, at least one of the contest's hosts must be able to speak French as well as English.
The order in which the competing countries perform had historically been decided through a random draw, however since the order has been decided by the contest's producers, and submitted to the EBU Executive Supervisor and Reference Group for approval before being announced publicly.
This change was introduced in order to provide a better experience for television viewers, making the show more exciting and allowing all countries to stand out by avoiding cases where songs of similar style or tempo were performed in sequence.
The process change in led to a mixed reaction from fans of the contests, with some expressing concern over potential corruption in allowing the producers to decide at which point each country would perform, while others were more optimistic about the change.
Various voting system have been used in the contest's history to determine the placing of the competing songs. The current system has been in place since , which works on the basis of positional voting.
Each set of points consists of 1—8, 10 and 12 points to the jury and public's 10 favourite songs, with the most preferred song receiving 12 points.
Historically, each country's points were determined by a jury, which has at times consisted of members of the public, music professionals, or both in combination.
The current voting system is a modification of that used in the contest since , when the "1—8, 10, 12 points" system was first introduced.
Until , each country provided one set of points, representing the votes of either the country's jury, public or, since the grand final, the votes of both combined.
Since , each country's votes have been announced as part of a voting segment of the contest's broadcast.
After each country's votes have been calculated and verified, and following performances during the interval, the presenter s of the contest will call upon a spokesperson in each country in turn to invite them to announce the results of their country's vote in English or French.
The votes from each country are tallied via a scoreboard , which typically shows the total number of points each country has so far received, as well as the points being given out by the country currently being called upon by the presenter s.
The scoreboard was first introduced in ; voting at the first contest was held behind closed doors, but taking inspiration from the UK's Festival of British Popular Songs which featured voting by regional juries, the EBU decided to incorporate this idea into its own contest.
Historically, each country's spokesperson would announce all points being given out in sequence, which would then be repeated by the contest's presenter s in both English and French.
With the increase in the number of competing countries, and therefore the number of countries voting in the final, the voting sequence soon became a lengthy process.
From , in order to save time, only each country's 8, 10 and 12 points were announced by their spokesperson, with points automatically added to the scoreboard.
From to , the order in which the participating countries announced their votes was in reverse order of the presentation of their songs; from to , countries were called upon in the same order in which they presented their songs, with the exception of the contest, where a drawing of lots was used to decide the order in which countries were called upon.
This order is based upon the jury results submitted after the "jury final" dress rehearsal the day before the grand final, in order to create a more suspenseful experience for the viewing public.
Since , when the votes of each country's jury and public are announced separately, the voting presentation begins with each country's spokespersons being called upon in turn to announce the points of their country's professional jury.
Once the jury points from all countries have been announced, the contest's presenter s will then announce the total public points received for each finalist, with the results of all countries consolidated into a single value for each participating country.
Since , the rules of the contest outline how to determine the winning country in cases where two or more countries have the same number of points at the end of the voting.
The method of breaking a tie has changed over time, and the current tie-break rule has been in place since In this event, a combined national televoting and jury result is calculated for each country, and the winner is the song which has obtained points from the highest number of countries.
The first tie-break rule was introduced following the contest, when four of the sixteen countries taking part—France, Spain, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom—all finished the voting with an equal number of votes.
As of [update] , on only one occasion since has there been a tie for first place: in , at the end of the voting procedure both Sweden and France had received points each.
The tie-breaking rule in place at the time specified that the country which had received the most sets of 12 points would be declared the winner; if there was still a tie, then the 10 points received, followed by 8 points, etc.
Both France and Sweden had received four sets of 12 points, however as Sweden had received more individual 10 points than France, Sweden's Carola was declared the winner.
A number of steps have been established to ensure that a valid voting result is obtained and that transparency in the vote and results is observed.
Each country's professional jury, as well as the individual jury members, must meet a set criteria to be eligible, regarding professional background, and diversity in gender and age.
A set criteria is outlined against which the competing entries should be evaluated against, and all jury members pledge in writing that they will use this criteria when ranking the entries, as well as stating that they are not connected to any of the contestants in any way that could influence their decision.
Additionally, jury members may only sit on a jury once every three years. Each jury member votes independently of the other members of the jury, and no discussion or deliberation about the vote between members is permitted.
Since , the televoting in each country has been overseen by the contest's official voting partner, the German-based Digame. This company gathers all televotes and, since , jury votes in all countries, which are then processed by the company's Pan-European Response Platform, based out of their Voting Control Centre in Cologne , Germany.
This system ensures that all votes are counted in accordance with the rules, and that any attempts to unfairly influence the vote are detected and mitigated.
Participating broadcasters from competing countries are required to air live the semi-final in which they compete, or in the case of the automatic finalists the semi-final in which they are required to vote, and the grand final, in its entirety, including all competing songs, the voting recap which contains short clips of the performances, the voting procedure or semi-final qualification reveal, and in the grand final the reprise of the winning song.
The contest was first produced in colour in , and has been broadcast in widescreen since , and in high-definition since An archiving project was initiated by the EBU in , aiming to collate footage from all editions of the contest and related materials from its history ahead of the contest's 60th anniversary in The first contest in was primarily a radio show, however cameras were present to broadcast the show for the few Europeans who had a television set; any video footage which may have been recorded has since been lost over time, however audio of the contest has been preserved and a short newsreel of the winning reprise has survived.
The copyright of each individual contest from to is held by the organising host broadcaster for that year's contest. Since , the rights to each contest are now held centrally by the EBU.
From the original seven countries which entered the first contest in , the number of competing countries has steadily grown over time, with over 20 countries regularly competing by the late s.
The first discussions around modifying the contest's format to account for the growth in competing countries took place in the s.
In , with the contest now ten years old, the EBU invited participating broadcasters to share proposals for the future of the contest after the Luxembourgish broadcaster CLT expressed doubts about their ability to stage the contest.
Besides slight modifications to the voting system in use and other rules, no fundamental changes to the contest's format were introduced until the early s, when changes in Europe in the late s and early s saw the formation of new countries and interest in the contest from countries in the former Eastern Bloc began to grow, particularly after the cessation of the Eastern European rival OIRT network and its merger with the EBU in To reduce this number, the contest organisers implemented a preselection method for the first time, to reduce the number of entries that would compete at the main contest in Millstreet , Ireland.
Seven countries in Central and Eastern Europe looking to take part for the first time competed in Kvalifikacija za Millstreet English: Preselection for Millstreet , held in Ljubljana , Slovenia one month before the contest, with the top three countries qualifying.
At the close of the voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia and Slovenia , were chosen to head to Millstreet, meaning Estonia , Hungary , Romania and Slovakia would have to wait another year before being allowed to compete.
The bottom seven countries in were asked to miss out the following year, however as Italy and Luxembourg withdrew voluntarily, only the bottom five countries eventually missed the contest in Dublin , to be replaced by the four competing countries in Kvalifikacija za Millstreet that had missed out and new entries from Lithuania , Poland and Russia.
This system was used again in for qualification for the contest , but a new system was introduced for the contest. Primarily in an attempt to appease Germany, one of Eurovision's biggest markets and biggest financial contributors which would have otherwise been relegated under the previous system, the contest saw an audio-only qualification round held in the months before the contest in Oslo , Norway.
However Germany would be one of the seven countries to miss out, alongside Hungary, Romania, Russia, Denmark , Israel , and Macedonia , in what would have been their debut entry in the contest.
In the rules on country relegation were changed to exempt France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom from relegation, giving them the automatic right to compete regardless of their five-year point average.
This group, as the highest-paying European Broadcasting Union members which significantly fund the contest each year, subsequently became known as the "Big Four" countries.
This rule was originally brought in to prevent the contest's biggest financial backers from being relegated, and therefore their financial contribution would have been missed; however, since the introduction of the semi-finals in , the "Big Five" now instead automatically qualify for the final along with the host country.
There is some debate around whether this status prejudices the countries' results in the contest, based on reported antipathy over their automatic qualification, as well as the potential disadvantage of having performed less time on the main stage because they have not had to compete in the semi-finals.
An influx of new countries for the contest forced the contest's Reference Group to rethink on how best to manage the still-growing number of countries looking to enter the contest for the first time.
As they deemed it not possible to eliminate 10 countries each year, for the contest the organisers placed an initial freeze on new applications while they found a solution to this problem.
In January , the EBU announced the introduction of a semi-final, expanding the contest into a two-day event from Following the performances and the voting window, the names of the 10 countries with the highest number of points, which would therefore qualify for the grand final, were announced at the end of the show, revealed in a random order by the contest's presenters.
The single semi-final continued to be held between and , however by , with over 40 countries competing in that year's contest in Helsinki , Finland, the semi-final featured 28 entries competing for 10 spots in the final.
The automatic finalists are also split between the two semi-finals for the purpose of determining which semi-final they are obligated to air and provide votes.
Full voting results from the semi-finals are withheld until after the grand final, whereupon they are published on the official Eurovision website.
On only one occasion has the contest seen multiple winners being declared in a single contest: in , four countries finished the contest with an equal number of votes; with the lack of a rule in place at the time to break a tie for first place, all four countries were declared winners.
The United Kingdom holds the record for the number of second place finishes, having come runner-up in the contest 15 times. The various competing countries have had varying degrees of success in the contest over the years.
Only two countries have won the contest in their first appearance: Switzerland , the winner of the first contest in ; and Serbia , which won the contest in in their first participation as an independent country, having previously competed as part of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro in previous contests.
It is rare, but not impossible, for a country to record back-to-back wins. In the contest's history this has occurred on four occasions: Spain became the first country to do so, when they was declared the winners of the contest and one of the four shared winners in ; Luxembourg was the first to do so without sharing the title, when they won the contest in and ; Israel did likewise in and ; and Ireland became the first country to win three consecutive titles, winning the contest in , and A number of countries have had relatively short waits before winning their first contest: Ukraine won on their second appearance in , while Latvia won in their third contest in Greece set the record for the longest wait for a win in the contest in , when Elena Paparizou won the contest 31 years after Greece's first appearance; the following year Finland broke this record, when Lordi ended a year losing streak for the Nordic country.
Israel finished in 23rd place in the final, making it the fourth time since the host country ranked in the bottom five.
There was an error in the voting at the contest: a wrongful counting of the jury votes by the Belarusian delegation caused the televised results to be amended three days later.
The discrepancy was not large enough to change the order of the originally announced top four in the final result, which combines the jury voting and televoting by the public,  but this update saw North Macedonia as the new jury winner instead of Sweden as shown on TV; there were also minor changes in lower positions.
The EBU reported the contest had an audience of million viewers in 40 European markets, a decrease of 4 million viewers from the previous edition.
However, an increase of two percent in the 15—24 year old age range was reported. The contest took place in Tel Aviv , Israel, following the country's victory at the edition with the song " Toy ", performed by Netta Barzilai.
It was the third time Israel hosted the contest. The contest took place at Expo Tel Aviv 's 10, -seat congress and convention centre in "Bitan 2" Pavilion 2 , which was inaugurated in January On 18 June , Prime Minister Netanyahu said that Israel had committed to remaining in compliance with EBU rules regarding the constitution of member broadcasters, so as not to affect its hosting of Eurovision.
The IPBC's establishment included a condition that news programming would be delegated later to a second public broadcasting entity.
This violates EBU rules requiring member broadcasters to have their own internal news departments. The following day, Israel was officially confirmed as the host country,  and on 24 June , KAN formally opened the bidding process for cities interested in hosting the contest.
He added there was no serious discussion among members of the EBU about boycotting the event. The Eurovision Village was the official Eurovision Song Contest fan and sponsors' area during the events week.
There it was possible to watch performances by local artists, as well as the live shows broadcast from the main venue.
The EuroClub was the venue for the official after-parties and private performances by contest participants. Unlike the Eurovision Village, access to the EuroClub was restricted to accredited fans, delegates, and press.
It was located at Hangar 11 in Tel Aviv Port. The contest's slogan, "Dare to Dream", was unveiled on 28 October Filmed between March and April , and directed by Toy's music video director Keren Hochma, the postcards involved the act travelling to a location in Israel that resembles that of their own country.
The dances in each postcard were wide-ranging and included Parkour , Ballet and Street dance , among other styles. The following locations were used: .
Drawing from different pots helped to reduce the chance of so-called neighbourly voting and increases suspense in the semi-finals. The draw also determined the semi-final the six automatic finalist countries host country Israel and the Big Five countries France , Germany , Italy, Spain , and the United Kingdom would broadcast and vote in.
The ceremony was hosted by contest presenters Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub and included the passing of a Eurovision insignia from Lisbon host city of the previous contest to Tel Aviv.
On 30 March , the EBU announced the presentation of the televoting results during the grand final would change for the first time since the current vote presentation system was introduced in On 8 April , it was confirmed that Madonna would perform three songs during the final.
The first semi-final was opened by Netta Barzilai, performing a new version of her winning song "Toy", and also featured Dana International with " Just the Way You Are ".
The Grand Final included performances from six former Eurovision participants. Netta Barzilai later performed her new single "Nana Banana".
The EBU initially announced on 7 November that forty-two countries would participate in the contest, with Bulgaria opting not to participate for financial reasons.
Ukraine announced its withdrawal from the contest on 27 February reducing the number of participating countries to On 6 March , the EBU confirmed North Macedonia would take part for the first time under its new name, instead of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia which had been used since the country first participated in The contest featured five representatives who had performed previously as lead vocalists for the same countries.
Two of them participated in — Sergey Lazarev represented Russia and won the semi-final, while Serhat represented San Marino in the semi-final.
The contest also featured a former backing vocalist representing his country for the first time— Jurij Veklenko provided backup for Lithuania in and On the other hand, previous representatives came back to provide supporting vocals for their own or another country.
Those countries plus France , Israel and Spain voted in this semi-final. Those countries plus Germany , Italy , and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final.
Switzerland was pre-drawn into this semi-final due to scheduling issues. The Belarusian jury was dismissed following the revelation of their votes in the first Semi-Final, which is contrary to the rules of the Eurovision Song Contest.
In these results, Israel, which did not receive points from any other jury during the Grand Final, received 12 points from Belarus.
According to the statement, the EBU "discovered that due to a human error an incorrect aggregated result was used. This had no impact on the calculation of points derived from televoting across the 41 participating countries and the overall winner and Top 4 songs of the Contest remain unchanged.
To respect both the artists and EBU Members which took part, [they wished] to correct the final results in accordance with the rules.
The error, a reversal of the Belarusian aggregated votes, led to the bottom ten countries receiving points instead of the top ten.
Malta, which had been incorrectly ranked last, would receive Belarus' 12 jury points, and Israel would end up with no jury points.
The corrected point totals also changed some rankings: Sweden finished fifth overall instead of Norway, Belarus finished 24th overall instead of Germany, San Marino ended 19th despite losing four points, and North Macedonia won the jury vote instead of Sweden.
The mistake made by the EBU and their voting partner was widely panned by the press. Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad said the EBU had to present the new vote totals "blushing with shame", calling the situation "chaos".
Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points 12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting to the specified entrant. Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the first semi-final:.
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the first semi-final:. Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the second semi-final:.
Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the second semi-final:. Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the final:.
Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network.
The EBU issued an invitation to participate in the contest to all fifty-six of its active members. With some Israel largely had tense relationships and others no diplomatic relations at all.
The European Broadcasting Union provided international live streams of both semi-finals and the grand final through their official YouTube channel with no commentary.
The spokespersons announced the point score from their respective country's national jury in the following order:  .
Countries may add commentary from commentators working on-location or remotely at the broadcaster. Commentators can add insight to the participating entries and the provision of voting information.
On 14 May , Yaakov Litzman , leader of the ultra-Orthodox party United Torah Judaism and Israel's former Minister of Health , drafted a letter to the Ministers of Tourism , Communications , and Culture and Sports , in which he requested the event not violate religious laws: "In the name of hundreds of thousands of Jewish citizens from all the populations and communities for whom Shabbat the holy sabbath observance is close to their hearts, I appeal to you, already at this early stage, before production and all the other details of the event has begun, to be strict [in ensuring] that this matter does not harm the holiness of Shabbat and to work in every way to prevent the desecration of Shabbat, God forbid, as the law and the status quo requires".
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Danny Cohen. Birgisson Rami. Kotecha Yacoub. Gustaf Holter Christian Persson. Holter Persson. Jörgen Elofsson. Pharrell Williams. Kotecha Nevin Sastry.